ERGOTAMINE-CAFFEINE
  • ERGOTAMINE-CAFFEINE

  • QTY 30 • 1 MG-100MG • Tablet • Near 77381

CAFFEINE; ERGOTAMINE (KAF een; er GOT a meen) is part of a group of medicines called ergot alkaloids. It is used to treat or prevent migraine and cluster headaches.

ERGOTAMINE-CAFFEINE Lifestyle Interactions

Ergotamine Tartrate 1mg, Caffeine 100mg, Caffeine, Anhydrous 100mg, Oral tablet

Grapefruit juice

· Severity: Mild

· Notes for Consumers: Do not significantly alter your grapefruit juice intake while taking medicines containing caffeine. Some reports suggest that intake of grapefruit juice can increase side effects from caffeine. Too much Caffeine can cause effects like nausea, tremor, nervousness, or sleeplessness. If these occur, consider ingesting less caffeine daily.

· Notes for Professionals: Data are limited and conflicting as to whether grapefruit juice significantly alters the serum concentrations and/or AUC of caffeine. Caffeine is primarily a CYP1A2 substrate, and grapefruit juice appears to have but a small effect on this enzyme in vivo. One report suggests that grapefruit juice decreases caffeine elimination by inhibition of flavin-containing monooxygenase, a P450 independent system. This interaction might increase caffeine levels and mildly potentiate the clinical effects and common side effects of caffeine. If side effects appear, patients may need to limit either caffeine or grapefruit juice intake.

Ergotamine Tartrate 1mg, Caffeine 100mg, Caffeine, Anhydrous 100mg, Oral tablet

Caffeine-containing Foods/Beverages

· Severity: Moderate

· Notes for Consumers: While taking Caffeine-containing medicines, limit the use of foods, beverages (examples: coffee, tea, colas), herbs (examples: guarana, green tea) and other products that contain additional caffeine, such as chocolate and some non-prescription medications or dietary supplements for headache, insomnia, or weight loss. Too much Caffeine can cause effects like nausea, nervousness, or sleeplessness. Some drug products for adults that contain caffeine have about as much caffeine as a cup of coffee.

· Notes for Professionals: Certain foods that contain high amounts of caffeine or theobromine should be limited during the therapeutic use of caffeine in order to limit additive methylxanthine effects. While taking Caffeine-containing medicines, limit the use of foods, beverages (examples: coffee, tea, colas), herbs (examples: guarana, green tea) and other products that contain additional caffeine, such as chocolate and some non-prescription medications or dietary supplements for headache, insomnia, or weight loss. Too much Caffeine can cause effects like nausea, nervousness, or sleeplessness. Some drug products for adults that contain caffeine have about as much caffeine as a cup of coffee.

Ergotamine Tartrate 1mg, Caffeine 100mg, Caffeine, Anhydrous 100mg, Oral tablet

Tobacco

· Severity: Major

· Notes for Consumers: It is recommended to avoid nicotine (examples: Nicotine patches or gum) and tobacco while taking any Ergot-type medications. Side effects from Ergot Alkaloids may get worse if you take Nicotine or if you smoke tobacco. Side effects might include anxiety, chest pain, numbness in the fingers or toes, tingling, or vision changes.

· Notes for Professionals: Concurrent use of vasoconstrictors, such as nicotine, with ergot alkaloids may result in enhanced vasoconstriction. Nicotine acts indirectly as a sympathomimetic agent by releasing catecholamines, potentially resulting in effects such as hypertension, coronary spasm, coronary ischemia, or cardiac arrhythmias, which may be additive with ergot alkaloids. Patients should avoid smoking tobacco or using other nicotine-containing products while taking ergot compounds if possible.

Ergotamine Tartrate 1mg, Caffeine 100mg, Caffeine, Anhydrous 100mg, Oral tablet

Tobacco

· Severity: Moderate

· Notes for Consumers: Tobacco smoke contains substances that may speed the removal of Caffeine from the body. If you start smoking Caffeine may become less effective. Tobacco smokers often drink several caffeinated beverages daily. Just the opposite occurs when someone stops smoking tobacco; if you stop smoking this may increase the amount of Caffeine in the blood and side effects from Caffeine may get worse. Too much Caffeine can cause nausea, nervousness, or sleeplessness, and occasionally other effects like tremor. If you stop smoking tobacco, you may need to lower your Caffeine intake.

· Notes for Professionals: Inducers of the hepatic CYP450 isoenzyme CYP1A2 may induce the hepatic oxidative metabolism of caffeine. Tobacco smoke contains hydrocarbons that induce hepatic CYP450 microsomal enzymes (e.g., CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2E1). The increased clearance of caffeine by smokers may contribute to the higher consumption of caffeinated beverages reported to occur in this group. Because the effect on hepatic microsomal enzymes is not related to the nicotine component of tobacco, the sudden cessation of tobacco smoking may result in a reduced clearance of caffeine, despite the initiation of a nicotine replacement product. Following several days of abstinence from chronic tobacco smoking, caffeine clearance may decrease by roughly 40%, leading to the possible occurrence of caffeine-related side effects like nausea, nervousness, irritability, tremors, or insomnia, if caffeine use remains the same.

Ergotamine Tartrate 1mg, Caffeine 100mg, Caffeine, Anhydrous 100mg, Oral tablet

Grapefruit juice

· Severity: Major

· Notes for Consumers: Taking grapefruit juice with Ergotamine might increase the risk of nausea, nervousness, chest pain, high blood pressure, palpitations, or other serious side effects, like pain, numbness or reduced circulation to the hands, feet or legs. Talk to your doctor about drinking grapefruit juice while taking Ergotamine.

· Notes for Professionals: The risk of ergot toxicity (e.g., vasospasm leading to cerebral ischemia, peripheral ischemia and/or other serious effects) from ergotamine is potentially increased by the use of CYP3A4 inhibitors. Grapefruit juice contains furanocoumarins that are metabolized by CYP3A4 to reactive intermediates. These intermediates form a covalent bond to the active site of the CYP3A4 enzyme, causing irreversible inactivation (mechanism-based inhibition). Consequently, CYP3A4 activity in the gut wall is inhibited until de novo synthesis returns the enzyme to its previous level. Therefore grapefruit juice may decrease ergotamine metabolism via CYP3A4. According to the manufacturers, the prescriber should consider the effects of other agents on CYP3A4 before concomitant use with ergotamine.

NOTE: This sheet is a summary. It may not cover all possible information. If you have questions about this medicine, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider.

DISCLAIMER: This content is provided for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Patients should always consult their physician with any questions regarding a medical condition and to obtain medical advice and treatment.

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